среда, 27 июля 2011 г.

Israel chairity programmes compromised

http://rumafia.com/ru/news.php?id=343

Representatives of Israel beneficiaries of Genesis Philanthropy Group, established by Russian billionaire Mikhail Fridman and his partners from Alfa Group, said that Alpha Group’s activities in Turkey (through Altimo company) are “unpleasant news” for them. They are disappointed with the fact that Fridman does business not only in Russia, but also in Turkey that Israel confronts with. They do accept money Fridman gives for their projects, but prefer not being mentioned in relation to their Russian sponsor.


According to the Russian Mafia (rumafia.com), Mikhail Friedman is not only Russian oligarh who makes profits in Turkey and donates to different projects in Israel. Take Telman Ismailov - he provides mountain Jews in Acre (Israel) with financial help for their religeous needs.  Genesis Philanthropy Group cooperates with Jewish Agency (Sochnut). Only in 2008-2009 the Group donated over $2m to the program called Nativ. The program is implemented under auspices of the Sochnut is a training course that prepares Tzahal (Israel Defense Forces) soldiers to the conversion to Judaism (giyur). In September 2009 Jewish Agency and Genesis Philanthropy Group stroke a $6m agreement about mutual projects. Genesis Philanthropy Group also donates millions to the programmes of Yad Vashem memorial in Jerusalem. Right now Russian speaking young Jews are taking part in the summer camps in Israel, the mutual project of the foundation and Jewish Agency.        

IzRus

Israel chairity programmes compromised

http://rumafia.com/ru/news.php?id=343

Representatives of Israel beneficiaries of Genesis Philanthropy Group, established by Russian billionaire Mikhail Fridman and his partners from Alfa Group, said that Alpha Group’s activities in Turkey (through Altimo company) are “unpleasant news” for them. They are disappointed with the fact that Fridman does business not only in Russia, but also in Turkey that Israel confronts with. They do accept money Fridman gives for their projects, but prefer not being mentioned in relation to their Russian sponsor.


According to the Russian Mafia (rumafia.com), Mikhail Friedman is not only Russian oligarh who makes profits in Turkey and donates to different projects in Israel. Take Telman Ismailov - he provides mountain Jews in Acre (Israel) with financial help for their religeous needs.  Genesis Philanthropy Group cooperates with Jewish Agency (Sochnut). Only in 2008-2009 the Group donated over $2m to the program called Nativ. The program is implemented under auspices of the Sochnut is a training course that prepares Tzahal (Israel Defense Forces) soldiers to the conversion to Judaism (giyur). In September 2009 Jewish Agency and Genesis Philanthropy Group stroke a $6m agreement about mutual projects. Genesis Philanthropy Group also donates millions to the programmes of Yad Vashem memorial in Jerusalem. Right now Russian speaking young Jews are taking part in the summer camps in Israel, the mutual project of the foundation and Jewish Agency.        

IzRus

Viktor Baturin wins case against his debtors

http://rumafia.com/ru/news.php?id=345

Moscow’s Odintsovo Court has ruled that the debtors can no longer claim immediate repayment of a multimillion loan took by Viktor Baturin, former Moscow’s mayor Luzhkov’s relative.


The dispute goes back to summer 2010. At that time Baturin borrowed 500m roubles ($17.5m) at the interest from three companies - VELES Agroproduct LLC (254m), Grant (83m), Park Servis (154m). The money were remitted to Baturin's accounts.  Later on Baturin cleared off a certain part of the debt, namely the interest. However, he still owes the bulk of the credit - 500m roubles. Baturin refused to pay, saying he faced financial difficulties. After unsuccessful attempts to peacefully settle the conflict and claim the rest of the money, the debtors took the case to the court.  


After long hearings, the court took Baturin’s side. In all three cases (filed by the lawyers of Park Servis LLC, Grant LLC and VELES LLC) the court ruled in favour of Baturin. The judged passed on the following decision: the debtors cannot demand immediate repayment, but should wait until Baturin has money to pay the debts.

LIFE NEWS

GRANDPA OF RUSSIAN MOBSTERS QUIST BLOODY BUSINESS. WHO WILL TAKE HIS PLACE? Part 1

http://rumafia.com/material.php?id=337

Criminal underworld of the former USSR is now getting ready for what might become the most important event in its history. Influential criminal bosses are gathering in the UAE in an attempt to settle down conflict between two rival clans - that of Tariel Oniani (alias: Taro) and Aslan Usoyan (alias: Grandpa Khasan).


Taro is not able to come - he is presently doing his term. The participation of Grandpa Khasan is also under question. He has recently survived the attempt on his life and avoids «public events». Secluded life, however, is no new for him. For years he has lived under permanent threat.


During last 15 years Aslan Usoyan has waged bloody criminal wars. He is a master of menace, chief boss of Russian mafia, who controls billions of dollars, rules whole regions, participates in state affairs and regularly meets high-profile officials.


 


Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan was born in Tbilisi on 27 February 1937 in a Kurdish family, observing Yazidism (pre-Islamic beliefs of native Kurds). In the USSR any religion was under suspicion and in the birth certificate his parents put «Armenian» as the nationality of their son.


  Soon after secondary school, which he finished in Tbilisi, Aslan was introduced to the world of crime. He committed first offence in 1955. His early biography is difficult to trace. In 1955 he was arrested for attacking the police officers and sentenced to a year and a half. But in 1956 he was released from custody before the end of his sentence, because the Supreme Court «cut» his jail term. After the authorities let him loose, he got involved in the series of armed robberies in Tbilisi. By that time young Aslan had gained reputation of a leader and soon became criminal boss. His mob was arrested in 1959 in Tbilisi. Court sentenced him to 5 years in prison. Doing his term, he behaved as a criminal boss, not a foot soldier, strictly following the code of conduct for a mobster and earned the respect of inmates. Again he was released before the end of the term. Now Aslan got interested in the black market and illegal production enterprises, in the movement of so-called tsekhoviki (owners of illegal production lines).


He was involved in racketeering activities, providing help for friendly tsekhoviks and threatening others with break-ins. In 1966 he was imprisoned for the third time. Court sentenced him for 3 years for illegal business activities. During this jail term, he was «crowned» or awarded the title thief-in-law (chief mobster responsible for arbitrating conflicts and keeping the code of conduct). In 1968 the court of Tsulukidze town released him before the time. It is clear that someone oiled the judge's palm. Even in the USSR people accepted bribes.


Usoyan returned to his affairs with tsekhoviki. By that time the tsekhoviki expanded throughout the country and owned underground factories in different corners of the USSR. As a result, Usoyan began to travel. He managed to combine illegal business with «traditional» crime - burglary, extortion and robbery. Usoyan earned fortune - money ran down in his hands like water. He lavished care on the convicted criminals and provided them with financial support. He spent his holidays in famous Soviet resorts in the Caucases - Abkhasia, Krasnodar and the Minerlniye Vody spas. It was most suitable place to discuss business affairs with fellow mafiosi. They all played cards.


There were a lot of cardsharpers among Grandpa Khasan's friends in the 1970-1980s - Alimzhan Tokhtakhunov (alias: Little Taiwanese) and Grigory Kazarov (alias: Grisha the Dumpling). Usoyan was linked to the mobsters from Tbilisi: Zakhariy Kalashov (Shakro Junior, also Kurdish), Eduard Asatryan (Edik the Sturgion), Boris Apakia (Husky), Paatа Chlaidze (Big Paata) and others. Usoyan met Viacheslav Ivankov (Little Japanese) before the perestroika. Ivankov was a racketeer for tsekhoviki.


In 1984 Soviet militia arrested Granpa Khasan for the last time. In Tbilisi Khasan tried to sell forged golden coins to a group of Uzbeks - people who were introduced to him by  tsekhoviki. But it turned out that the Uzbeks had connections, and soon court sentenced Usoyan to 15 years in prison. He did his time in Tobolsk labour camp, in Omsk colony no.9, Solikamsk colony no.6 and finally in the Sverdlovsk Region. While in prison, Grandpa Khasan met many influential mobsters and kingpins of Soviet underworld. He met mobster Yevgeny Vasin, also known as Jam. On Khasan's recommendation Vasin was crowned thief-in-law. In custody, Khasan demonstrated his adherence to the norms of mobster life and spoke about «criminal ethics». Slowly he gained reputation of the most «just» among thieves-in-law and even challenged Little Japanese (who was respectable mafiosi arbitrator). Grandpa Khasan became legendary figure in the world of mobsters.


Grandpa Khasan was released before the end of his term in 1991, again with the help of the bribes. It was a historic moment when underground business became legal and many more organised criminal groups emerged. New mobsters looked for help. They searched most influential thieves-in-law, and wanted to attract Usoyan on their side.


The golden age of mafia began. Grandpa Khasan was ready to play first fiddle.


 


Granpa Khasan rules over Kuban


 


After Georgia became independent, Grandpa Khasan left it. He moved to the Krasnodar Region, where he knew all mobsters. First he subjugated construction and development companies (owned mostly by the Caucasians), than - markets, banks, trade firms and resorts. He bribed officials from the police, local authorities and judges. Businessmen did not complain about him, because he provided protection both against mobsters and corrupt police. 


Within just a few years Aslan Usoyan became shadow governor of the region. He crowned several fellow mobsters. Steadily his friends ousted all other mafiosi groups in the region.


In the mid 90s Usoyan's criminal empire expanded in nearby Rostov and Stavropol region and in the Mineralniye Vody. The editorial of the Russian Mafia (rumafia.com) has obtained the following document, filed by Rostov anti-crime unit. The document enumerates official bodies, affiliated with Usoyan. The list includes regional government, police, tax authorities, regional prosecutors, transport officials, five banks (including branches of Alfa-Bank and Avtovazbank), central market of Bataysk town and a number of commercial firms.  


 


Individual number: 32369
BASE_NUM: 4
Number in the system: 126480
Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich
Date of birth: 1937
Data Bank: Organised Crime
DATA: 2509
Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime
Additional information: the list of corporations and individuals mentioned in the files
no.1 full name of organisation: …
no.2 full name of organisation: administration of the region
no.3 full name of organisation: tax inspectorate
no.4 full name of organisation: tax police
no.5 full name of organisation: Favorit Closed JSC
no.6 full name of organisation: Forum Association (address: Budenovsky, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia)
no.7 full name of organisation: Agroprombank
no.8 full name of organisation: Alfa-bank
no.9 full name of organisation: Silan individual enterprise
no.10 full name of organisation: Upon the Orel kebab house
no.11 full name of organisation: Kubinbank
no.12 full name of organisation: Avtovazbank (Rostov branch)
no.13 full name of organisation: Rossiya chemical plant of the defence ministry (Kamensk-Shaktinsky town)
no.14 full name of organisation: Rafo-2
no.15 full name of organisation: …
no.16 full name of organisation: control department of the chief regional prosecutor's office
no.17 full name of organisation: central market of Bataysk
no.18 full name of organisation: Kontakt insurance company
no.19 full name of organisation: transport directorate of the MVD for North-Caucuses District
no.20 full name of organisation: Aleks company
no.21 full name of organisation: Alisa-Rostov company
no.22 full name of organisation: Inkomservis company
no.23 full name of organisation: Rada company
no.24 full name of organisation: Sovet company (Rostov-na-Donu)
no.25 full name of organisation: Emiliya company
Status: thief-in-law
Individual number: 32369
BASE_NUM: 4
Number in the system: 126480
Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich
Date of birth: 1937
Data Bank: Organised Crime
DATA: 3262
Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime
Additional information: the list of corporations and individuals mentioned in the files
no.1 full name of organisation: A+A Closed JSC
no.2 full name of organisation: Paik company


Criminal police of the Stavropol Region has got evidence that Aslan Usoyan organised assembly of mobsters, where leaders of the underworld decided to spend criminal treasury on buying the majority holding in a large power station.


Grandpa Khasan's influence spread beyond Russian south. He made the Krasnodarsk Region his headquarters, but travelled across the country, finding necessary connections. In the police reports he was mentioned as a «visiting mobster». His visits were successful, because he had already new the majority of mobsters from the time he had been in jail in the USSR. They all did very well in new Russia.


For instance, Evgeny Vasin became criminal leader of the Far East. Grandpa Khasan made visits to Jam who played accordion to the old friend. Another Usoyan's friend - thief-in-law Vladimir Tyurin (Tyurik) - lived in the Tyumen Region. Thief-in-law Oleg Konovalov (Bandit) was a leader of a criminal group in the Vologda Region. In Vladivostok Usoyan was linked to mobster Yury Batyshkin (leader of the criminal group called Obshak), in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - with Korean mobster Li Su Nam. In Barnaul Usoyan crowned his protégé Nurakhman Mamyrov (Mutay), in the Moscow Region - Viacheslav Chuvarzin (Slava the Green) etc. He organised criminal assemblies and enlarged the area which his clan controlled. Frequent «coronations» brought new members into the clan.


His activities in the region, however large they were, could not compare with money which were in Moscow. Zakhariy Kalashov (alias: Shakro), Kurdish mobster and old friend of Grandpa Khasan, settled down in the capital. With the help of the security ministers (including the FSB) this mobster built a business empire of casinos in Moscow in the early 90s. Casino Crystal, opposite to Taganskaya metro station, was Shakro's headquarters. He controlled various markets and was linked to oil-and-gas companies, such as Lukoil.  


As far back as in 1992-1993 Usoyan took an interest in Kalashov's empire. Soon he became Shakro's partner and participated in his operations. Mobsters became so strong, that they interfered in foreign policy of Russia. Usoyan and Kalashov provided Abkhaziya with financial help and weaponry for this country's war against Georgia. They backed the Kurdistan Workers' Party which led Kurdish rebel movement against government forces in Turky. It is obvious that such international «projects» of Russian mobsters could not have taken place without the FSB's sanction and control.


In the mid 1990s a group of Russian journalists was sent to interview leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party Abdullah Ocalan. We asked our colleagues to raise the issue of support which the KWP received from Usoyan and Kalashov at the interview. Having heard their names, Ocalan agreed to talk about it in private. And than he gave high praise to both mobsters.   


 


St Petersburg mobsters did not surrender to Grandpa


 


In 1993 Aslan Usoyan decided to conquer St Petersburg. The city belonged to what mobsters called red belt. Red belt was a name given in the 90s to regions of Russia where people traditionally voted for the communist party. But mobsters used this word differently: they spoke about regions where old Soviet thieves-in-law had no influence. For instance, the thieves-in-law dare not come to the Kaliningrad Region. Or they could not travel to Sakhalin without permission from local criminal bosses (they considered this procedure humiliating). The same situation was in St Petersburg. The city's new generation of mobsters frowned upon old Soviet criminal bosses.


According to the police operational information, Aslan Usoyan was invited to St Petersburg by Grigory Kazarov (Grisha the Dumpling) and Konstantin Yakovlev (Kostya the Grave). Yakovlev met Grandpa Khasan long before. It was Yakovlev who helped Caucasian mobsters deal in antiquities. Usoyan made Kostya the Grave person in charge of arbitrating between rival clans. He used Yakovlev to strengthen his positions in the city. As a result, mobsters from all corners of Russia went to St Petersburg to meet Grandpa Khasan. And Granda Khasan sent his envoys to the regions with different tasks.


Russian police officers watched closely Usoyan's activity and registered every step he made. Here are the extracts from police reports. 


 


Individual number: 37029
BASE_NUM: 4
Number in the system: 127054
Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich
Date of birth (d/m/y): 27/02/1937
Data Bank: Organised Crime
DATA: 2509
Alias: Khasan, Grandpa Khasan
Nationality: Armenian
Place of birth: Tbilisi, Georgia


Address:
no.1 registered at: flat 406, building 7 Dunaysky Prospect, Frunze District, St Petersburg, Russia
no.2 place of residence: flat 406, building 7 Dunaysky Prospect, Frunze District, St Petersburg, Russia
no.3 place of residence: flat 47, building 10/9, Zagorodnoye Highway, Moscow, Russia, 1233485
no.4 place of residence: Moscow
Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime
Additional information: thief-in-law and guest criminal, tall (1m75cm), sturdy built, nose of regular size, protruded chin, dark brown eyes, dark hair, convicted
Information dated (d/m/y): 10/02/2007
Summary: form 1 ABD, no.059-97, report f.7 no.03623 from the 3rd unit CID, Poltava
Text:
Following persons are connections of Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan in St Petersburg:
1.Igor Anatolyevich Khrustalev, 1960
2. Alaverdashvili Otari Isakovich, 23.02.1942, 10-2-89 Kupchinskaya Street
3. Gocha Dzhurberovich Birkadze, 22.10.1961, Kutaisi-born
4. Bagrat Georgievich Uglava, 29.09.1954, Kutaisi-born
5. Roland Varlamovich Chikvadze, 25.07.1955, Kitaisi-born
6. Shedeli Ilyich Zarandiya, 1957, born in Merkheuli village, Abkhaziya
7. Yury Anatolievich Metelkin, 1955, born in Lomonosov, Leningrad Region 


OPERATIONAL INFO N445S, SOURCE: the UVD for Engels (the Saratov Region)
The UVD for Engels (Saratov R) has received operational information, that on 05feb95 the organised crime group, led by Nikolai Aleksandrovich Malinov (resident of St Petersburg), arrives in the city. Malinov is a close friend of mobster and «thief-in-law» Usoyan (Grandpa Khasan). Malinov's task is to put police officers of the city under physical pressure by the acts of terror [against them]. Upon the arrival to the Saratov Region Malinov will meet thief-in-law Dato from Tashkent, living in Engels, who will take part in and assist the operation.   
OPERATIONAL INFO N486S, RECEIVED: 14.05.1996, SOURCE: report of the CID for North-Caucasus
The CID for North Caucasus informs about criminal connections in the North-West economic region. On 17jan1996 the CID received the following message from an agent: thief-in-law known as Grandpa Khasan frequently visits casino called Star Dust, which is situated in the building of the planetarium near Gorkovskaya metro station. 


OPERATIONAL INFO N454SB, RECEIVED 08apr1996, SOURCE: (official) Department for Organised Crime Control of Vologda
Thief-in-law known as Grandpa Khasan (probably Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan, 1973) lives in St Petersburg. Certain criminal leaders from Vologda, including Oleg Borisovich Konovalov, 1955, convicted for a number of times, are planning to meet him and discuss current affairs in the city. According to the operational information, Granpa Khasan and Konovalov met while serving the sentence in prison. Their visit to St Petersburg is aimed at substituting current arbitrator of criminal conflicts Andrey Gennadievich Zakharov with another person. They also will negotiate possible measures against thief-in-law Aleksey Alekseevich Aleksandrov (a.k.a. Chuvash), who resides in Cherepovets. 
OPERATIONAL INFO N857S, RECEIVED 24jun1996, SOURCE: CID for the Moscow Region
During the investigation of offences committed by thief-in-law Khusein Akhmadov (Khusein the Blind), it was established that Tamara Ivanovna Yeroshkevich (born 22jan1963 in the Irkutsk R., registered at: 50, building 27A, Novy Svet Street, Gatchina, the Leningrad R.) lived in St Petersburg and was a concubine of Khusein Akhmad's brother Khasan. Thief-in-law known as Vasya from St Pete visited Khusein Akhamdov in Balashikha (Moscow R.), where the latter lived. Vasya attended the funeral of thief-in-law Aleksandr Alyatin (Ustimovsky) in summer 1995. Khusein sent to St Petersburg Vladimir Valentinovich Morskikh (born 1954), a.k.a. Prickly, in august 1995. It was also established, that in May 1996 thief-in-law Vyacheslav Chuvarzin (Slava the Green) met Aslan Usoyan (Grandpa Khasan) in St Petersburg.


Despite all his attempts, Usoyan failed to consolidate his grip on St Petersburg. Neither local mobsters (the Tambov organised crime group), nor high-profile officers from the police and security agencies (affiliated with mobsters) wanted to see Grandpa in the former tsar capital. He annoyed the MVD, because he cooperated with counter-espionage officers and did not cooperate with the police. As a result, on 31 May 1996 the police arrested him in the car of deputy chairman of legislative council of St Petersburg Viktor Novoselov. Novoselov was affiliated with mafia, as well as his advisor convicted George Avdyshev, who turned out to be in the same car.


The police officers confiscated TT-pistol. In fact Grandpa Khasan never carried this gun - it was put on him by the police. After the arrest he was moved to an isolation ward, where he was given explanations about who rules the city. To teach him a lesson, the police penalized him under administrative law (destruction of the passport) and opened criminal investigation into illegal weapons. Simultaneously the Moscow police searched his flat as part of the investigation of a criminal case, opened in Stavropol. Grandpa Khasan and thief-in-law Rudolf Oganov (Rudik from Baku) were suspected of organising criminal group and a series of contract murders.


 


ACCORDING TO THE OPERATIONAL INFORMATION A.R. USOYAN AND RUDOLF SERGEEVICH OGANOV (BORN IN 1942 IN BAKU, AZERBAIJAN, THIEV-IN-LAW, ALIAS: RUDIK) WERE MEMBERS OF KARAKOZYAN-NOVOSARDYAN ORGANISED CRIME GROUP THAT COMMITTED CRIMES IN THE REGION OF THE CAUCASUS MINERALNIYE VODY. THE PROSECUTOR OF THE STAVROPOL REGION INITIATED CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS NO.30010 INTO THE CRIME UNDER ARTICLE 210.1. THE DETAILS CAN BE OBTAINED IN THE CID FOR THE MINERALNIYE VODY OF THE MVD OF RUSSIA. 


During search in Usoyan's flat in Moscow, the police seized golden bullion (2 kilos) and $380,000. It took Usoyan a lot of effort and money to hush up criminal case in St Petersburg and escape prison term. It was much easier to dismiss case in the Stavropol Region, of which he was almost an owner.  


Soon after release, Grandpa Khasan fell out with Grigory Kazarov. Kazarov suspected Usoyan's people (including his son Nodar) of stealing good, he had stolen from the businessmen. In 1997 Kazarov spoke out, a year later he was killed by a bullet.


The same year the police put Grandpa Khasan under scrutiny as part of the investigation into murder of deputy governor of St Petersburg Mikhail Manevich. Khasan took part in privatization of a number of enterprises in St Petersburg. Manevich was responsible for privatization process. By the same time Usoyan began violent war against Rudolf Oganov. The war took a lot of lives. It resulted in Usoyan's withdrawal from St Petersburg. He decided to stand his ground in the south and continued cooperating with Kostya the Grave, his only representative in St Petersburg. 


However, their union was not very strong. One moment Konstantin Yakovlev decided that he became mature enough to be on his own. Number of disputes between Kostya the Grave and Grandpa Khasan grew day by day and finally they had a strormy quarrel. Granpa Khasan sent to St Petersburg theif-in-law Vladimir Tyurin whose task was to protect Usoyan's interests. Tyurik and Kostya met at the airport. The quarrel started. Yakovlev asked Tyurin to convey a wish to Usoyan - no more envoys from him in St Petersburg, local mobsters were able to settle disputes on their own. Tyurik passed this word to Khasan. Very soon Kostya the Grave was shot in Moscow. 


 


Godfathers drowned Russia in blood


 


Grandpa Khasan began his first large scale criminal war in 1993-1994 against thief-in-law Ilya Simoniya (alias: Makho). The conflict began in the late 1980s when Simoniya served his sentence in the labour colony of Tulun (the Irkutsk region). Simoniya had conflict with Vyacheslav Ivankov. Makho did not want to recognise Little Japanese as thief-in-law and set inmates against him. Ivankov did nor recognise Makho, because he was a member of komsomol (young communists) and, as Ivankov claimed, bought his thief-in-law title.


When both were released, the war continued. Makho settled in the Irkutsk region and became its criminal leader. Little Japanese began to crown his mobsters in Irkutsk, so that they could oppose Simoniya. Simoniya killed them one by one. Ivankov and his old friend Aslan Usoyan responded by targeting Makho with the campaign of discrediting. 


Simoniya's positions grew week. He tried to meet Grandpa Khasan in St Petersburg, but Usoyan asked Simoniya to come to Moscow. Usoyan, Shakro and Tyurik gathered a group of «respectable» criminal leaders in Mizuri restaurant. The mobsters were almost unanimous that Makho sould be «decrowned» and deprived of thief-in-law title due to violation of the code of conduct and «unjustified» murders of mobsters (the only mobster against this decision was Vakhtang Ekhvaya). Simoniya did not want to  obey - he pounced on Grandpa Khasan and than left the restaurant.


Makho was not going to surrender easily. He began to consolidate friendly mobsters, trying to mobilize forces. And he succeeded. For a long time many criminal dons, including Tariel Oniani (Taro), refused to accept his «decoronation». In 1994 Taro and Makho met Grandpa Khasan in a hotel. They tried to have it out with him, but Usoyan said he would not speak with Makho, because he was no longer a thief-in-law. And again Simoniya pounced on Grandpa Khasan. 


Soon a hunt for mobsters close to Makho began in Irkutsk: thief-in-law Paata Gudashauri (alias: Beast from Tbilisi) was killed. On 28 August 1994 a Zhiguli car with Makho and Ekhaya was short on its way to Sochi. Mobsters were wounded, their driver - killed. Simoniya went underground and did not appear in public.


 In 1996 Makho tried to get back to Irkutsk, therefore he sent two «messangers» to the city - thieves-in-law David Khmiadashvili and Bakuri Kalandadze. Both were killed immediately. But Grandpa Khasan did not want to eliminate Makho, he preferred to crush his reputation. He pressed other thieves-in-law to recognise Makho's decoronation. Simoniya was ousted from cushy positions. Fellow mobsters turned away from him. In the criminal hierarchy Simoniya plunged to the lowest level. He was permitted only to attack truck drivers in Irkutsk. When he moved to Moscow he could only join the mob of bag snatchers. But even in that mob he was at the very bottom - he became a driver who had to rush away with a snatcher. In 2010 he was arrested as an ordinary bag snatcher.


This conflict was a minor adventure compared to the war Usoyan waged against Rudolf Oganov (Rudik from Baku). By the mid 90s both criminal leaders had the same weight among criminals and got on well in the southern Russia. Usoyan controlled all of the Krasnodar Region and a part of the Caucasus Mineralniye Vody. Rudik controlled almost all of the Mineralniye Vody region and had certain interests in the Krasnodar Region. Their territory was demarcated and their interests did not overlap. Sometimes they cooperated. But very soon Khasan's numeroust proteges began to oust Rudik's people.


Oganov grew angry when Usoyan's people seized the resorts of the Mineralniye Vody region. Rudik could not openly challenge Usoyan - public quarrel over business matters did not match the code of conduct. Than, in 1996 Rudik began discrediation campaign against Grandpa Khasan. Many theives-in-law were dissatisfied with Khasan's activities and with many new people he had crowned. Grandpa Khasan stuck in the gizzard of too many.


Oganov found support among mobsters. Usoyan's attempts to settle the conflict down peacefully had little success. In November 1997 Rudik gathered in Moscow large group of mobsters. Grandpa Khasan was also invited. Nikolay Zykov (Yakutenok), Stepan Furman (Stepa from Murmansk) were present at the assembly. Oganov had a long list of pretentions to Usoyan: luxury way of life typical for nouveau riche and forbidden by the code of conduct, building business empire (forbidden), numerous unjustified coronations of new thieves-in-law (since that time, these mobsters were called Khasan's shtampovka literaly meaning «coining», coining new mobsters) and seisure of $850,000 of treasury, the Armenian mobsters gathered to support convicted gangsters. Grandpa Khasan answered that he adhered to the code of conduct and that money he earned were aimed at supporting inmates and young thieves-in-law.


The assembly consisted mainly of the mobsters who backed Rudik. They decided to «decoronate» Usoyan. Grandpa Khasan said that their decision was illegitimate, because they were not influencial enough to strip him of the title.


In order to finish with Usoyan, in 1998 Rudik's people killed his close assosiate in Pyatigorsk thief-in-law Edvard Amilyan (Edik-Moscow). Usoyan turned his funeral into the assembly of his supporters. Criminal bosses crowned young and promising mobster Aleksandr Khashirov (Khashir). He took the place of Usoyan and began to push Rudik's people out of the Stavropol Region and Mineralniye Vody with redoubled energy. Usoyan went to Kazakhstan where he had connections both in criminal world and in the government. He gave orders from there.


At the beginning he invited participants of the assembly which «decoronated» him to Kazakhstan for talks. The police found out what was the subject of such talks. For instance, in April 1998 Yakutenok flew to Kazakhstan. Grandpa Khasan put the question point-blank: either he stated the reasons why he supported "decoronation" within 20 minutes, or he had only himself to blame. 5 minutes were enough for Yakutenok to fall down and pretend to have fainted. Khasan's people brought Zykov outdoors. Soon he returned to his native Perm. But he was doomed: on 19 June three killers shot Yakutenok and his two bodyguards with machine gun in the night club called Bolid.


Besides explanatory talks, Usoyan tried to gather assemblies. But it was difficult task for the kingpin: according to the criminal laws, «decoronated» mobster had no right to gather assemblies. That is why the majority of mobsters ignored Usoyan's invitations. And only those who were not afraid to show support to him came - Zakhariy Kalashov and Evgeny Vasin in particular. When finally he managed to gather assembly with the large number of participants, his opponents used old Usoyan's method - they stirred up the police against the meeting.


In January 1998 about a hundred of mobsters gathered in a restaurant in the city of Shakhty in the Rostov Region. Hardly they began to talk, the police rushed in and arrested everyone. Grandpa Khasan tried to organise another assembly - but the result was the same. When in 1998 the mobsters decided to meet in Tashkent, local police and criminal groups prompted them not to create problems. Rudik decided not to wait until Grandpa Khasan regained  influence - he decided to deliver a blow first. 


On 8 June Grandpa Khasan and a number of fellow gangsters gathered in the bar called Ruby in Caucasus hotel in Sochi. Suddenly two hit man opened machine gone fire at them through the showcase of the bar. Thief-in-law Tristan Chachanadze (Tristan) and brothers Unoyev were killed. Usoyan was saved by a miracle - a minute before the attack he went out to the toilet.


There were murders in all corners of Russia after the assassination. Almost every week people were killed, either from Usoyan's clan or from Oganov's clan. It was clear there would be no peace between rivals anymore - and the war would end with the death of Grandpa Khasan or Rudik.


All mobsters of the former Soviet Union were involved in the war. Most godfathers tried to maintain neutrality, because everyone understood that further bloodshed could only ruin the whole business. As a result neutral mobsters decided to arbitrate the conflict and invited rivals for talks. Their meeting was planned for 5 September 1998 and should take place in Ukraine. 


Usoyan did not like the idea. He was not going to make one's peace with Oganov. He made arrangements and 300 gangsters from the USSR and USA who gathered in Odessa were arrested by the police.


Grandpa Khasan managed to win many influential mobsters to his side. And than he led the assault. On 20 October three Mercedes were shot near Vlasovo Village, not far away from Naro-Fominsk in the Moscow Region. The hit men first launched grenades and than opened fire from the machine guns. The only car which left the scene intact was Rudolf Oganov's armoured Mercedes. He went to his cottage situated in Vlasovo.


Retaliation came soon. Hit men could not reach Grandpa Khasan, but his protégé fell easy pray. On 26 October Khashirov and a dozen of mobsters from Usoyan's clan met in a restaurant called Bristol in Essentuki. Their feasting was interrupted by two masked man, who opend the fire at the customers. Khashirov, thief-in-law Dmitry Movchan and mobster Abdurakhman Nugayev were killed.


The same night the participant of the assembly Zhulien Apakiya (Jullienne) told about what had happened to his father - influential Moscow's mobster Boris Apakiya (Husky). The latter consulted with his close friend Usoyan, and flew to Yessentuki. As soon as 29 October Husky gathered the majority of Usoyan's supporters in the village called Vin-Sady. The mobsters decided to eliminate the whole clan of Oganov.


For a long time Rudik sit snug in Pyatigorsk, where he had a crew of a dozen of bodyguards who secured him day and night in a cottage. But what happpened next was unexpected. In February 199 a person from Moscow called Rudik by telephone and asked him to come. Rudik did not take securities with him. Only Yury Fedoseev met him in Moscow. On their way to the city from the airport, they came round to a café in 51st kilometre of the Moscow Ring Road.


The events which happened in the café reminded of the film Pulp Fiction. Two people in long overcoats went in the café, the gun tubes facing the ground. They asked: Who is Rudik? Oganov realised it was a very last moment in his life. He stood up and said: I am Rudik. A burst of machine fire killed him. Fedoseev was wounded.


In the following years Grandpa Khasan's people one by one killed mobsters from Oganov's clan and the businessmen affiliated with him. Rudik's brother - thief-in-law Vladimir Oganov (Vachikos the Six-Fingered - he indeed had six fingers on a hand) - was killed. The decision of the assembly in Vin-Sadi was fulfilled. The majority of mobsters tried not to pay attention to the Khasan's violence - success is never blamed.


Having eliminated Rudik and his clan, Grandpa Khasan cleared his way to the throne of the boss of all bosses. But it took time to become chief criminal boss of Russia.


 


to be continued

Thomas Petrov, Alexey Gordon, Rumafia.com

THE SEMAGO PROJECT.Chronicles of a downed pilot

http://rumafia.com/material.php?id=330

In December there will be elections to the State Duma. But Ostap Benders of policy are already very active. Former State Duma deputy Vladimir Semago is not an exception here. 


Semago, a former businessman and MP, who now is a radio host and chairman of the Accounting Chamber on a voluntary basis, decided to resume his political career. Now he is in talks with several leaders of the Just Russia party (in particular, with Nikolay Levichev and Gennady Gudkov) concerning him being included in the list of the party in the Duma elections. For that Semago promises to invest in the socialist party not only his, but also sponsorship money. Although he is unlikely to be able to fulfill his promises. Semago has no personal funds for that and he has lost all confidence in the business environment. 


His assets began to shrink rapidly after the death of Valentine Myasnikov, his influential in-law and chief patron. With the death of Myasnikov his political career also rapidly began to crumble. 


Vladimir Semago was born on January 10, 1947 in Harbin, China. His father was a military pilot and took part in the war with Japan, and after World War II he served in the PRC for some time. Then the family returned to the USSR and Vladimir Semago started to go to school in the town of Kamenka in Penza region. He finished his secondary education in Moscow, where his father was transferred to. In 1965 Semago entered the correspondence department of the Moscow State Construction University and a year later he became a full-time student. While studying there, he played for a local team of KVN (Club of the Funny and Inventive) and then as the director he worked with teams of other institutes. As a result, he made friends with such players as Leonid Yakubovich, Gennady Khazanov, and Artem Tarasov. After graduating from Moscow State Construction University he worked in construction in the suburbs of Moscow as a master of mobile mechanized column of Mosoblstroy


 


Love descended on time 


Later his life witnessed the most momentous event. Semago met with Olga Myasnikova, a MGIMO student and daughter of Valentine Myasnikov who was the rector of the All-Union Academy of Foreign Trade and had vast connections. 


The father was totally against Semago marrying his daughter. But Olga insisted. The young couple got married, and Valentin Myasnikov had to build a career both for his daughter and his son-in-law. Thus the Myasnikovs embarked on the project under the name Vladimir Semago. 


 


Father-in-help


For a start Myasnikov helped his son-in-law to enter the evening departmnet of the Academy. In 1977 he assisted him in joining the party and found work for him at Gosinturist in capital construction department. Semago participated in the construction of hotels Cosmos, Pribaltiyskaya, Dagomys, and Yalta in which foreign companies also took part. Immediately after graduation in 1979 he was appointed deputy COE of the Moscow hotel complex Solnechny


In 1981 he was dismissed under Article 254, Clause 1 of the Labour Code (single gross violation of labor discipline). But Myasnikov, his father-in-law, immediately came to the rescue. He helped Vladimir get a position as accountant in settlements with foreign travel companies in the commercial management of Goskominturist. However, Semago did not stay long there as well, and Valentine Myasnikov sent his ne'er-do-well son-in-law to serve in the Domodedovo district consumer association on construction. As for the daughter, Valentin Myasnikov managed to get her a much better position. In 1984 she became one of the leaders of a Soviet-Indian entity.


In 1984 Olga and Vladimir had a son, Daneel, a boy with a difficult destiny. He suffers from epilepsy since childhood and has mental health problems. At the age of 16 Daneel was taken to hospital with incised wound on his ​​hands. Doctors suspected suicide attempt. In June 11, 2006 Olga Myasnikova (she never changed her surname for that of her husband) was driving in her Peugeot along Rublevo Uspenskoye highway. At the 4th kilometer she lost control of the vehicle and the car crashed into a tree. The woman was not injured, but Daneel who was sitting in the passenger seat got serious traumas. He was hospitalized with brain concussion and a fractured hip. In 2007 the father helped his son to become an assistant to a State Duma deputy. 



With wife Olga Myasnikova and son Danil


As for Semago, his story continued in 1986 when he was helped to get a position of chief engineer at the Directorate for Construction of the State Committee for Science and Technology under the USSR Council of Ministers. Then Valentine Myasnikov established Sodruzhestvo co-op (Russian for “commonwealth”) under the USSR Goskominturist. Among its co-founders there were Valentine Myasnikov, his daughter and his unsuccessful son-in-law. Myasnikov made Olga chairman of the cooperative. Sodruzhestvo headquarters were in the building on Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street in Moscow. 


That is what one of the former directors says about this co-op. In 1989-1990 Vneshekonombank was on the verge of collapse (it announced bankruptcy in 1991) and stopped paying interest on foreign loans. Accounts of dozens if not hundreds of major Soviet enterprises in all foreign currency were frozen. This was when Valentine Myasnikov began to offer his services to company directors. Through his connections he helped get the money back, for large tolls.  Vladimir Semago was an errand boy in the scheme. He came to meetings, sorted out technical issues, etc. "Different scamers leeched to the situation around the withdrawal of funds from Vnesheconombank. Semago was one of them. In contrast to Myasnikov, he could not do anything on his own, but at the same time he wanted to earn something on this business,” said a source. 


One of the main places for meetings with the directors was in the above mentioned house on Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street. The Myasnikovs soon turned it into joint venture Moscow Commercial Club, established by Sodruzhestvo and a group of cooperators. Myasnikov held meetings there with distinguished people such as former prominent party members, ministers, and officials. Semago also provided this building for meetings of his fellow nouveaux riches, like Artem Tarasov. It was there that they solved their issues with their protectors from the criminal world. The house on Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street became a favourite gathering place of Chechen criminal bosses, namely of Malik Saidullayev, who at that time was not yet a businessman, but a protector to a number of enterprises; Nicholay Suleymanov (Hoz), and Lom-Ali Gaytukaev. Some thieves in also came to the house on Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street.


Enterprising Semago quickly realized that after the talks those from criminal underworld would also like to relax.  For this purpose Moscow Commercial Club opened a casino. However, a large portion of the proceeds from all this business went to the Myasnikovs. Semago was content with what he managed to snatch. 


Business on criminals’ relaxing proved to be profitable, and it began to develop. With the assistance of Valentine Myasnikov, Olga Myasnikova and Vladimir Semago opened Carousel, a casino and a night club on Tverskaya Street, which became the favourite place of Solntsevskaya group members who quickly took the place under their protection.


According to a former employee of Moscow RUBOP, criminal bosses never really took Semago seriously. They treated him as a party animal and a sort of application to the Myasnikovs. They preferred to discuss most of the contentious issues with. As a result, she is still friends with Aleksander Inshakov, influential Solntsevskaya group member, and Anzor Kikalishvil. 


When in 1992 Yuri Luzhkov became the mayor of Moscow, Semago, again with the help of the wife's father, was able to quickly establish contact with his team. "Luzhkov’s team always thought Semago to be a ‘son of a bitch, but a related son of a bitch’”, said a source in the State Duma. “For a long time he was strongly supported there by the deputy mayor, Valery Vinogradov, who is now the prefect of North-West Moscow district. He still has amicable relations with Yuri Roslyak, former first deputy mayor and now a member of the Council of Federation. " 


In 1993 the family decided to continue the promotion of "Vladimir Semago" brand. He was helped to join the Communist Party (Valentine Myasnikov also was a friend of Gennady Zyuganov). As the result Semago became a State Duma deputy on lists of the Communist Party. For that the family, and in particular Semago had to provide substantial financial assistance to the Communist Party. Semago decided to use his v in the Duma, as they say, to the fullest. Due to the parliamentary connections for some time he headed Rosbiznesbank, former head of which had recently been poisoned by unknown people. 


Business and political career of Semago started to crunch with the death of Valentine Myasnikov. For the leaders of the Communist Party, Semago ceased to be a son-in-law of a reputable man, becoming simply a cash cow. As soon as the "cow" no longer met the financial needs, Semago was expelled from the Communist Party. It happened in 1998, and from that his slow fall began. 


 


Steep dive 


In 1998 Semago was a co-producer of a film called August 1944. It all grew into a big scandal. Semago took out a 500 thousand dollars loan for this film in the Converse Bank, but the film crew did not get the money, and the debt was to be paid out by Moscow Commercial Club. Other founders of the club expel him ignominiously. 


In 2005 Semago again tried to regain control of the club, which ended for him in an unpleasant way. On March 2, 2005, he came to the building on the Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street, but the guards refused to let him in referring to Igor Koptelov, one of the secret owners of the building. Semago called his offender to come outside. When Koptelov got tired of listening to the former parliamentarian yelling at him, he hit him in the face.  Semago rushed to the police and wrote a claim against the bully. 


Semago, who was expelled from the Communist Party, was able to settle down in the State Duma in Oleg Morozov’s faction Russian regions as the two became friends in the Duma. But then his term of office as deputy ended. In 1999 Semago joined the movement Dukhovnoe nasledie (Russian for “spiritual heritage”)  of his other friend, the State Duma deputy Aleksey Podberezkin. But he was not elected in the new composition of the Duma. In early 2000s, Oleg Morozov helped Semago join United Russia. He makes the Moscow list for the 2003 elections, but he was in the end of it, which did not allow for him to make it to parliament. 


A source in the State Duma tells the truth: Semago simply did not have enough money to get a higher position on the list as no one on United Russia really thought much of him as a political figure. "According to one version, originally he was guaranteed a place in the first twenty that would pass to parliament in the Moscow part of the list. However, later other, more well-off candidates, bought the promised place," said our source. According to another version, Semago and with some prominent businessmen were removed from the list on the orders of Vladimir Putin when he agreed to head the party list for elections to the Duma. At the time, Semago was president of Energoprom. However, the second version is hard to believe. Many wealthy people at that time paid United Russia to make it to the State Duma. So the first version, according to which he simply did not have enough money to buy a guaranteed place in the list, is more real. 


However, to get at least a no-go place on the list of United Russia, Semago had to get into debt. He borrowed money from his wife Olga and her friend Irina Suboch, owner of travel agency MIBS Travel. Semago never returned his debts, as he did in this case. As a result, Irina Suboch had to file a lawsuit to collect her money. And Olga Myasnikova, who was tired of her husband’s mistresses, sought divorce. Not only did she keep almost all the business, but she also managed to win back her husband's apartment on Kutuzov Prospect and a cottage in the suburbs. 



With actress Natalie Steshenko


Semago rushed to earn money. Apart from the nearly unprofitable Energoprom, he and Aleksey Mitrofanov, his friend in the State Duma, established a company Energoservice. By hook and by crook, but in 2006 Semago served a year in the Duma as a United Russia deputy, taking a seat after deputy Pavel Pozhigailo left the Duma. “By 2007, when the next election started, Semago was  poor as a church mouse”, said our source in the Duma. “He tried to run for the State Duma with Patriots of Russia, which was an obvious failure right off. And then, when failed, he got a job as advertiser and PR expert." 


 


"Semago is a party animal; he always bluffs about his connections that may actually turn out to be zilch. He makes contacts easy; he was well in with everyone possible. But this does not mean that they trusted him and supported him,” said another source in the Duma.  “In a word, he is just a KVN player and PR manager. Just like he began, in fact". 

Gennady Petrov

NATIONWIDE CON ARTIST. Part two

http://rumafia.com/material.php?id=341

Cooperation between Solntsevskaya group and Mogilevich began in the 1980s and is still in place as it is beneficial to both parties. All this time Mikhas and his team have provided physical protection for Semen, without which he would be dead by now. In his turn, Mogilevich is a financial consultant to Mikhas. It is largely thanks to his efforts that Solntsevskaya group leader virtually legalized his business and is now a successful businessman. Semen Mogilevich was equally helpful to Sergey Mikhailov in his attempts to settle abroad.



Sergey Mikhailov a.k.a. Mikhas


In 1993 Solntsevskaya group had a conflict with a number of Caucasian groups, especially in Chechnya. Mikhas decided to leave Russia. Mogilevich immediately invited him to come to Hungary, where Mogilevich and Igor Fisherman provided everything necessary for him. But Mikhas did not like it there for some reason and he decided to move to Israel. In Budapest Seva Kievsky arranged a marriage of Solntsevskaya group leader with a Jew (for that he had to divorce his wife Lyudmila for some time), which took place in June 1993. Under protection of Mogilevich, Mikhas left from Budapest to Austria which at the time was one of the main centres of Jewish emigration. Then he arrived in Tel Aviv as an immigrant. There he presented documents under which he was deputy director of Maganex Vallakozot.



From lesf to right: Mikhas, Jamal Khachidze, Arnold Tamm, Viktor Averin, Korotai(?)


At some point of time Mikhas was put on the Israeli Interior Ministry list of persons subject to limitations in the issuance of an Israeli passport. However, Mogilevich and his friend Shabtai Kalmanovich helped play around the ban. Soon Mikhas had his Israeli ID.


But he quickly got bored in Israel. In 1994 Mikhailov, Mogilevich, and Kalmanovich flew to Costa Rica. Mikhas came back in a different status. For a toll of 350 thousand dollars his friends helped him obtain the post of Honourary Consul of Costa Rica in Moscow. This post provided for a diplomatic passport, which makes it much easier to travel around the world. The story concerning the position for Mikhas caused a big scandal in Costa Rica. In 1995 the Costa Rican government dismissed about 100 diplomats for taking bribes in the appointment of honourary consuls.


In late 1994 and early 1995 Mikhas and Mogilevich made several trips to Miami, where, it seems, Solntsevskaya group leader planned to settle down. But then the partners had an argument. Getting used abroad, Mikhailov began to realize that his financial assistant often took money for personal use from Solntsevskaya group support fund. According to Interpol, the leader of Solntsevskaya group demanded Mogilevich to pay 15 million dollars, but he refused. Then Mikhas started to threaten Seva Kievsky over the phone. Their talks were recorded by intelligence agencies of several countries in Europe.


The parties have agreed to resolve the conflict on a large-scale gathering, which would bring together all the leaders of criminal business organized by Mogilevich. In February 1995 more than 70 gangsters met in Prague. Among those who visited centre U Holubu there was Mogilevich, Aleksandrov, Katrich, Hayes, Sergey Mikhailov, the brothers Victor and Aleksander Averin, Arnold Tamm, Leonid Bilunov, Igor Dashdamirov (one of the Solntsevskaya group kingpins suspected of the murder of journalist Vladislav Listyev), Dzhemal Khachidze, Yevgeny Lyustranov and others. Mikhas required to return 15 million dollars and said that Mogilevich could easily be replaced in the criminal and financial schemes with some other person. But the issue was not resolved at the meeting, and the assembled took up discussing other pressing issues, namely the development of legal and illegal businesses.


 



The parties agreed to discuss the topic of debt once again on a new gathering, scheduled for May 1995. Meanwhile, security forces continued to wiretap Russian kingpins and found out that Solntsevskaya group was planning to eliminate Seva Kievsky immediately following the May gathering. Apparently, Semen Mogilevich also found that out. On June 1, 1995 when the mob again gathered in Prague in U Holubu, Mogilevich urgently flew from the Czech Republic to Hungary. It was Katrich, Hayesm and Aleksandrov who represented his interests at the gathering. However, the gathering did not go well. The police broke into the entertainment complex and detained about 100 Mafiosi. Czech authorities denied all of them, including Mogilevich, entry to the country for ten years.


By this time, European intelligence agencies closely watched the criminal empire, built by Seva Kievsky. In May 1995 Galina Grigoryeva and Andrey Cherchvald were put in custody in London on charges of money laundering. At the same time Arigon Ltd. accounts were arrested with 80 million dollars on them.


British police issued a warrant for the arrest of Mogilevich. It was only in 1997 that his lawyers managed to overturn the order, but the UK banned Semen Mpgilevich from entering the country for life. He also became persona non grata in Slovakia. Then in some other countries.


At that point of time Mikhailov and Mogilevich realized that their financial interests were at risk, and quickly found a common language. Seva Kievsky agreed to pay the leader of Solntsevskaya group 5 million dollars, on which the conflict was settled. In October 1995 Mikhailov, Viktor Averin, Semen Mogilevich and several businessmen from Ukraine, including Vadim Rabinovich and Boris Birshtein, met at the Hilton Hotel in Tel Aviv. They discussed plans for the future. They make a decision to develop the Ukrainian direction, where Seva Kievsky’s confidents had good connections.



It never rains but it pours. In 1996 Mikhas went to Switzerland, where he was arrested on the case materials sent from Russia. He was accused of money laundering and involvement in organized crime. Mogilevich tried to rescue his business partner. In Solntsevskaya group the relevant work oversees was performed by Arnold Tamm, for whom Seva Kievsky created all conditions in Europe. The rescuers had one of the offices of Mogilevich in Budapest as their headquarters. As a result, the problem was solved.


Anatoly Katrich, the closest associate of Mogilevich, found a way to use Philip Rosenberg, an influential member of the Swiss Parliament. Katrich undertook funding of the election campaign of the deputy and paid him two million Belgian francs. The criminals asked the deputy for a return favour, namely to help free Mikhas from prison. Rosenberg began an active campaign and soon achieved a drastic change in public opinion in Switzerland, and, most importantly, the in the opinion of the authorities. Mikhas turned from a crime boss into a decent businessman, the victim of machinations of corrupt Russian security services. As a result, the leader of Solntsevskaya group was acquitted and released.


It should be noted that Mikhas came to Switzerland by no accident. He had an important meeting concerning a new project of Mogilevich with Solntsevskaya group, namely their participation in the supply of gas.


 


Seva Kievsky as gas monopolist


The documents of Interpol and the Russian Ministry of the Interior show how exactly Seva Kievsky got involved in the gas business. Back in the early 1990s police in Hungary recorded that Mogilevich’s men somehow acquired Gazprom securities. They used the securities in their schemes.



 


The securities were placed in the bank as a deposit. On this basis, criminals took out loans. Money went to develop profitable criminal business, and then the shares were bought back. Russian law enforcers managed to find out from where representatives of Seva Kievsky got the securities. At the time Mogilevich and Mikhas established relationships with Vyacheslav Kuznetsov, former employee of Ministry of the Interior, who served as adviser to Rem Vyakhirev, the then head of Gazprom. It was Kuznetsov who helped the gangsters get and use the shares.


However, their cooperation went further. According to Interpol, in 1996 there as a gathering in Switzerland. It was attended by Mogilevich, Mikhailov, Kuznetsov, Birstein and several others. The men developed supply chain of Russian and Turkmen natural gas to Ukraine. In Moscow the developed plan was supported by Vyakhirev and his friend Viktor Chernomyrdin, the then head of government. In Kiev Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko showed understanding. It was fairly easy to convince him as Igor Fisherman, right hand of Mogilevich, was his adviser.


The scheme, without going into technical details, was as follows: gas from Russia and Turkmenistan (in Turkmenistan it was bought by both Mogilevich’s entities and Gazprom) went to a transit company, controlled by Seva Kievsky and other interested parties. There it was mixed, and then later sent to Ukraine. Part of payments between the two countries was also made through transit companies. The emergence of such intermediaries could be explained simple: if Russia and Ukraine were to work directly, it would be difficult to steal budget money, but when there was a transit firm, there were fewer problems. Especially since their activities were controlled by Mogilevich, who knew all the nuances of financial institutions in the West and knew how to launder the stolen money and what to invest it in profitably.


RosUkrEnergo became the major transit company. A total of 50% of its shares belong to Gazprom and the other half was officially owned by Ukrainian businessmen Dmitry Firtash and Ivan Fursin. Both men were closely associated with Mogilevich. For instance, in 2000 Firtash owned an offshore company Highrock Holdings, which was established by Olga Schneider, the then wife of Seva Kievsky. Before Firtash was the official representative of Eural Trans Gas in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan. Eural Trans Gas was established in Hungary and was completely controlled by Mogilevich. The company also was one of the gas transit entities, working mainly with Turkmenistan.


As a result, the scheme elaborated by Gazprom, Mogilevich and corrupt officials of the two governments worked successfully. Gas money flowed. Part of it Seva Kievsky divided between the parties concerned. Heads of Gazprom and state gas companies of Ukraine changed so as heads of the two governments. Entities controlled by Mogilevich continued to operate the transit and everyone was satisfied. Nothing changed even after Mogilevich become an outcast around the world.


In 1998 the U.S. intelligence services launched an investigation in respect of Semen Mogilevich, Yaakov Bogatin, Igor Fisherman, and Anatoly Tsura on suspicion of violating 46 articles of the American Criminal Code, including cheating investors. The claims concerned the fact that in 1995 Mogilevich set up a company YBM Magnetix International Inc.  based on the Canadian Pratex Technology Inc. By the time Pratex was already out on the Alberta Stock Exchange with its shares. They cost 10 Canadian cents a share. YBM at once announced that it was the successor to Pratex, only a more serious entity engaged in investments in magnets trade around the world, in oil refining, and the development of security systems for computers. Reports indicated that YBM profits were growing by leaps and bounds. It was enough for investors. They began buying shares of Mogilevich’s firm, the price of which rose steadily.


At first, YBM entered the U.S. stock exchange through brokerage firms, and then it became its direct participant. By 1998, YBM share price skyrocketed from 10 cents to 18.25 Canadian dollars, and 44 million shares were on the market. All this time investors regularly received their interest.



On May 13, 1998 four U.S. intelligence agencies including the FBI, the Internal Revenue Service, Customs Service, Immigration and Naturalization Service carried out a search and seizure of documents in the Pennsylvania office of YBM. It was announced that YBM was part of a scheme for money laundering. In September 1998 a fine of 3 million dollars was imposed on the company. It was paid, but on May 31, 1999 a criminal case was instituted against the previous management of YBM. The investigation took several years and ended in late February 2003. Then it was decided to indict the four YBM managers including Mogilevich, Bogatin, Fisherman, and Tsura.


According to the investigators, YBM reports intentionally overstated the actual number of deals and contract sums. Consequently, the company's market capitalization was artificially increased. Initially, it was clear that it was impossible to make a profit of 200% per annum by investing money in the trade of magnets and petroleum refining. Such funds could earn money only by money laundering and through other criminal activities. In fact, no one lied to investors. They bought shares in a giant "laundry" and received revenue from its activities. Officially, the profits were stated as resulting from the deals with magnets.


Moreover, the money went also to U.S. policymakers. At one time, Bogatin transferred a large amount to Republican fund for Congress elections.


In 2003 only Bogatin was in the United States and he was the only one arrested. Mogilevich, Fisherman, and Tsura were put on the international wanted list and the information on them is still on the website of Interpol. In the late 1990s Seva Kievsky lived in Hungary, but then he had to leave. When the U.S. launched the investigation in respect of the YBM founders, the FBI asked Budapest for assistance concerning Mogilevich. He was warned about that and he realized that he could be arrested on request of the United States. Thus, Mogilevich transferred his money from the Hungarian National Savings Bank to other accounts and moved to Moscow. He did it on time as already in October 1999 his arrest was under discussion in Hungary. However, local authorities limited their actions to only a ban for him to enter the country on the grounds of being a person who "represents a threat to public safety."


Initially, Mogilevich and Solntsevskaya group members did not leave hopes to solve their problems in Europe. In 1999 Anatoly Katrich tried to negotiate with the authorities of the Czech Republic to lift the ban on entry of Seva Kievsky, Mikhas and their partners. A year later Mogilevich, Mikhailov and Averin sent Petr Gorbatykh to Europe  o bribe officials in the Czech Republic and Hungary, so that they have removed the names of the gangsters from the database of  those prohibited to enter the countries. But all these attempts were unsuccessful. Gangsters continued to be under the supervision of the western secret services which monitored all their actions.


After an international arrest warrant was issued for Mogilevich in 2003, he officially coming to the West was out of question completely. But Semen did not give up. He began to change wives, take their name, changed his name and patronymic and even the date of birth even. By the time of his arrest in 2008 Seva Kievsky was already called Sergey Schneider and had the appropriate passport. However, his movement was still limited to the CIS.


 


Criminal kingpin let down by phone


In 2007 the authorities of Ukraine and Russia faced a long-emerging question: why, in fact, was there a need for Mogilevich as mediator in gas deals? Who, moreover, long ceased to have any serious impact on financial flows in the West. It was easy to deprive Seva Kievsky of his share in RosUkrEnergo as half of the company was owned by Gazprom and Firtash claimed he was not familiar with Seva Kievsky. But taking Eural Trans Gas from Mogilevich proved to be a challenge.


The company was concerned with trading natural gas which it bough from major Central Asian suppliers. Mogilevich had full control of the company and did not want to lose this valuable asset. When attempts to settle conflict failed, home security services intervened. It was impossible to bring Mogilevich to justice for organised crime and gas frauds, because some facts might have caused major scandals both in Russia and in the West. Security agents decided to use evidence against Mogilevich, gathered by the police using the bugging of Seva Kievsky's telephone conversations and his talks in restaurants and at the office. Mogilevich was being bugged for long.


In autumn 2007- winter 2008 Mogilevich used to hold private talks with Vladimir Nekrasov, owner of Arbat-Prestige perfume and cosmetics distribution chain. The chain was set up in 1989 as a result of restructuring Mogilevich's cooperative enterprise called Arbat. At the beginning Arbat-Prestige distributed perfume, smuggled by Mogilevich and Miroshnik from the warehouses of the Western Group of Forces. In fact Arbat-Prestige was part of major perfume and cosmetics smuggling scheme. Arbat-Prestige, nominally, was owned by Nekrasov, but in fact Seva Kievsky and his people run it. 40% stake in Arbat-Prestige was owned by Rinvei firm, established by Olga Zhunzhurova (Fisherman's wife) and Galina Telesh (former wife of Mogilevich).


Both Mogilevich and Nekrasov are passionate collectors of antiques. Nekrasov has collected icons and paintings. Collecting antiques was a subject of their conversations, but Nekrasov and Mogilevich spoke about business matters too. In particular, Semen and his then-wife Olga Shnaider (she was Mogilevich's previous wife) shared their expertice in tax evasion with Nekrasov. Seva Kievsky could not imagine that the police would ever start probe into such minor affair as a few million roubles which Arbat-Prestige did not pay in taxes. But the police opened criminal case and hunted Mogilevich out.   


Records of incriminating conversations about tax evasion were scrutinised by the GU MVD for Central Federal District (see Power Minitries in Russia article). This police unit opened criminal case under Article 199.2 of the Criminal Code (large scale tax evasion) on 23 January 2008. The same day Nekrasov and Mogilevich were detained in the World Trade Center in Moscow. The investigation was carried out by Sergey Vaichulis, famous Moscow detective who investigated financial pyramids of Sergey Mavrodi.


The investigation disclosed following facts: during the period from January 2005 to December 2006 Vladimir Nekrasov evaded taxes on 49511515 roubles ($1.7m) of revenue of Arbat-and-Co Limited Liability Company by submitting fraudulent tax return. In 2005-2006 Nekrasov struck deals to sell cosmetics with 3 phony firms - Magnolia LLC, Alkion LLC and Original LLC. These short-lived companies were affiliated with Vladimir Nekrasov. During the search in the office of Arbat-Prestige the police found the stamps of the companies. During the search in Mogilevich's flat the police found audit papers of Arbat-Prestige.


Soon after Kievsky was arrested, Fisherman, Zhunzhurova and Shnaider fled from Moscow. Two ladies moved to Rimini where they opened an art gallery. Like their criminal spouses, both Zhunzhurova and Shnaider fall in love with art objects. Moscow gallerists and artists say they did not spare money to buy pictures. However, artists did not like Shnaider and Zhunzhurova, because of their "snobishness". Behind her back, people nicknamed Zhunzhurova «Fisherman's doll».


Sergey Mikhailov tried to help Mogilevich out with the detention. He wanted to repay favour he received from Mogilevich, when the latter helped Mikhailov get out of Swiss jail. Mikhas hired lawyers and used his connections - but he did not succeeded.


It was long and difficult venture to persuade Mogilevich give up his gas companies. In the end, by April Semen seemed to crack (due to his poor health) and consent to cooperate. He was about to be released, but it emerged that Kievsky syphoned money out of Eural Trans Gas company and wanted to hand over the company with empty account. In response, the prosecutors suddenly found the evidence of 115m roubles of evaded taxes (the charges became more serious) and announced that another investigation might be opened - this time in Mogilevich's fake passport. As a result, in July 2009 Mogilevich was released after he gave up all his gas companies.


Yet the case against Semen was not dropped for fears he might play tricks. Mogilevich's lawyers managed to find approach to the detectives. Of cause, the detectives could not dissolve criminal proceedings, but they were able to confuse files of the case, so that no judge could pass sentence on Mogilevich. In July 2009 the Moscow's Tushinsky Court faced numerous legal drawbacks made by Vaichulis during the investigation. It emerged, for instance, that numbers of deals with companies involved in the evasion scheme as they appeared in the indictment were different from the numbers of the same deals in the investigation files.


The judge ruled to reinvestigate the crime, due to numerous «drawbacks». The reinvestigation was carried out by a different person, not Vaichulis. This person found the investigation papers in such confusion that it was impossible to formulate any sound indictment. Everyone involved in dissolving this case were punished - in one way or another.


Evgeny Timleev, deputy chairman of the MVD's Investigative Committee, resigned. The Staff of the President of Russia asked him to write resignation letter, where he stated that it was his own wish to leave the post. Evgeny Timleev appointed Valentin Kirshenman to the office of the director of the investigative unit of the GU MVD for Central Federal District. Timleev was Kirshenman's superior and knew about tricks with papers. Later, both Kirshenman and Vaichulis resigned. The police opened probe into Vaichulin's flat which he might have obtained illegally. But Russia's Investigative Committee did not open criminal case against Vaichulin on these charges. 


In September 2009 the Moscow's Tushinsky Court heard the case for one more time. The judge understood that it was impossible to pass the verdict based on confused investigation papers. He tried to drag out the case. He hoped the situation would resolve. The hearings lasted almost a year before the judge finally sent the files of the case to forensic analysis.


Mogilevich's lawyers secured necessary results of the analysis, which was conducted by the Federal Center of Forensic Analysis of the justice ministry. But it was not necessary for lawyers to bother. The experts said that they were unable to draw any conclusions, because there were no account books among the files of the case. The judge ruled to reinvestigate the case once more. The files were handed over to the GU MVD for Central Federal District. In October 2010 the Moscow's Arbitration Court decided that Arbat-Prestige paid all taxes. Case against Mogilevich was dropped by collateral estoppel principle.


Seva Kievsky now licks his wounds. The police say that they haven't heard from him for long and that he is not involved in criminal activities. However they have no doubts that as soon as Mogilevich recovers he will embark on rebuilding his criminal empire.


Sergey Mikhailov is doing better. He has the reputation of a broker between the authorities on one side and organised crime and business circles on the other side. He owns hundreds of real estate objects in Moscow. 

Thomas Petrov, Alexey Gordon, Rumafia.com

суббота, 23 июля 2011 г.

Inteco faces penalties for unpaid debts

http://rumafia.com/news.php?id=339

State-run VTB bank has filed a lawsuit in Moscow’s Arbitration Court against Elena Baturina’s Inteco firm for non-payment of 870.6m roubles ($30.6m) of duties for the loan, Sintez LLC and Ministry of Finance being the third party in the suit. The suit was put on the court’s data base on 20 June. A spokesman of the bank said that the loan to Bautina’s company had been approved on 1 December 2009, but in the second half of 2011 Inteco stopped paying the debtor’s duties. A spokesman of Inteco said that the company met its money obligations and sorted out emerging difficulties with the creditors.    


According to the Russian Mafia (rumafia.com), Inteco’s total liabilities by December 2010 amounted to 30.9b roubles ($1.1b). VTB’s loan to Inteco for day-to-day operational activities was secured by the guarantee of the finance ministry. Baturina’s company owes about 1.5b roubles ($53m) to VTB. Until now the company has had no difficulties in clearing off the liabilities. In summer 2009 Elena Baturina repaid a number of credits by selling her stakes in Gazprom, Sberbank and Rosneft, as well as 58 hectares of land in the west of Moscow.


In November 2010 VTB was reported to lay claim to Inteco – after resignation of Yury Luzhkov Baturina was expected to sell her business. She told Oleg Tinkoff in an interview in February 2011 that “VTB gave a try to seize Inteco”. “It is clear why banks took interest [in buying Inteco]. They issued a lot of loans, guaranteed by absolutely unreliable companies. Now they realise that they will not get their money back and have to find out how to make up for the losses, say, by buying something expensive at the cheap prise,” Baturina said.


Inteco sold its share in City Palace (Evolution Tower) skyscraper to Viktor Rashnikov at the end of 2010. It emerged this summer that the Inteco’s cement plants will be sold to Lev Kvetnoy, owner of Novorostsement.   


 

Kommersant

четверг, 21 июля 2011 г.

Grandpa of all Russian mobsters quits bloody business. Who will take his place? Part 1

http://rumafia.com/material.php?id=337

Criminal underworld of the former USSR is now getting ready for what might become the most important event in its history. Influential criminal bosses are gathering in the UAE in an attempt to settle down conflict between two rival clans - that of Tariel Oniani (alias: Taro) and Aslan Usoyan (alias: Grandpa Khasan).


Taro is not able to come - he is presently doing his term. The participation of Grandpa Khasan is also under question. He has recently survived the attempt on his life and avoids «public events». Secluded life, however, is no new for him. For years he has lived under permanent threat.


During last 15 years Aslan Usoyan has waged bloody criminal wars. He is a master of menace, chief boss of Russian mafia, who controls billions of dollars, rules whole regions, participates in state affairs and regularly meets high-profile officials.


 


Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan was born in Tbilisi on 27 February 1937 in a Kurdish family, observing Yazidism (pre-Islamic beliefs of native Kurds). In the USSR any religion was under suspicion and in the birth certificate his parents put «Armenian» as the nationality of their son.


  Soon after secondary school, which he finished in Tbilisi, Aslan was introduced to the world of crime. He committed first offence in 1955. His early biography is difficult to trace. In 1955 he was arrested for attacking the police officers and sentenced to a year and a half. But in 1956 he was released from custody before the end of his sentence, because the Supreme Court «cut» his jail term. After the authorities let him loose, he got involved in the series of armed robberies in Tbilisi. By that time young Aslan had gained reputation of a leader and soon became criminal boss. His mob was arrested in 1959 in Tbilisi. Court sentenced him to 5 years in prison. Doing his term, he behaved as a criminal boss, not a foot soldier, strictly following the code of conduct for a mobster and earned the respect of inmates. Again he was released before the end of the term. Now Aslan got interested in the black market and illegal production enterprises, in the movement of so-called tsekhoviki (owners of illegal production lines).


He was involved in racketeering activities, providing help for friendly tsekhoviks and threatening others with break-ins. In 1966 he was imprisoned for the third time. Court sentenced him for 3 years for illegal business activities. During this jail term, he was «crowned» or awarded the title thief-in-law (chief mobster responsible for arbitrating conflicts and keeping the code of conduct). In 1968 the court of Tsulukidze town released him before the time. It is clear that someone oiled the judge's palm. Even in the USSR people accepted bribes.


Usoyan returned to his affairs with tsekhoviki. By that time the tsekhoviki expanded throughout the country and owned underground factories in different corners of the USSR. As a result, Usoyan began to travel. He managed to combine illegal business with «traditional» crime - burglary, extortion and robbery. Usoyan earned fortune - money ran down in his hands like water. He lavished care on the convicted criminals and provided them with financial support. He spent his holidays in famous Soviet resorts in the Caucases - Abkhasia, Krasnodar and the Minerlniye Vody spas. It was most suitable place to discuss business affairs with fellow mafiosi. They all played cards.


There were a lot of cardsharpers among Grandpa Khasan's friends in the 1970-1980s - Alimzhan Tokhtakhunov (alias: Little Taiwanese) and Grigory Kazarov (alias: Grisha the Dumpling). Usoyan was linked to the mobsters from Tbilisi: Zakhariy Kalashov (Shakro Junior, also Kurdish), Eduard Asatryan (Edik the Sturgion), Boris Apakia (Husky), Paatа Chlaidze (Big Paata) and others. Usoyan met Viacheslav Ivankov (Little Japanese) before the perestroika. Ivankov was a racketeer for tsekhoviki.


In 1984 Soviet militia arrested Granpa Khasan for the last time. In Tbilisi Khasan tried to sell forged golden coins to a group of Uzbeks - people who were introduced to him by  tsekhoviki. But it turned out that the Uzbeks had connections, and soon court sentenced Usoyan to 15 years in prison. He did his time in Tobolsk labour camp, in Omsk colony no.9, Solikamsk colony no.6 and finally in the Sverdlovsk Region. While in prison, Grandpa Khasan met many influential mobsters and kingpins of Soviet underworld. He met mobster Yevgeny Vasin, also known as Jam. On Khasan's recommendation Vasin was crowned thief-in-law. In custody, Khasan demonstrated his adherence to the norms of mobster life and spoke about «criminal ethics». Slowly he gained reputation of the most «just» among thieves-in-law and even challenged Little Japanese (who was respectable mafiosi arbitrator). Grandpa Khasan became legendary figure in the world of mobsters.


Grandpa Khasan was released before the end of his term in 1991, again with the help of the bribes. It was a historic moment when underground business became legal and many more organised criminal groups emerged. New mobsters looked for help. They searched most influential thieves-in-law, and wanted to attract Usoyan on their side.


The golden age of mafia began. Grandpa Khasan was ready to play first fiddle.


 


Granpa Khasan rules over Kuban


 


After Georgia became independent, Grandpa Khasan left it. He moved to the Krasnodar Region, where he knew all mobsters. First he subjugated construction and development companies (owned mostly by the Caucasians), than - markets, banks, trade firms and resorts. He bribed officials from the police, local authorities and judges. Businessmen did not complain about him, because he provided protection both against mobsters and corrupt police. 


Within just a few years Aslan Usoyan became shadow governor of the region. He crowned several fellow mobsters. Steadily his friends ousted all other mafiosi groups in the region.


In the mid 90s Usoyan's criminal empire expanded in nearby Rostov and Stavropol region and in the Mineralniye Vody. The editorial of the Russian Mafia (rumafia.com) has obtained the following document, filed by Rostov anti-crime unit. The document enumerates official bodies, affiliated with Usoyan. The list includes regional government, police, tax authorities, regional prosecutors, transport officials, five banks (including branches of Alfa-Bank and Avtovazbank), central market of Bataysk town and a number of commercial firms.  


 


Individual number: 32369


BASE_NUM: 4


Number in the system: 126480


Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich


Date of birth: 1937


Data Bank: Organised Crime


DATA: 2509


Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime


Additional information: the list of corporations and individuals mentioned in the files


no.1 full name of organisation: …


no.2 full name of organisation: administration of the region


no.3 full name of organisation: tax inspectorate


no.4 full name of organisation: tax police


no.5 full name of organisation: Favorit Closed JSC


no.6 full name of organisation: Forum Association (address: Budenovsky, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia)


no.7 full name of organisation: Agroprombank


no.8 full name of organisation: Alfa-bank


no.9 full name of organisation: Silan individual enterprise


no.10 full name of organisation: Upon the Orel kebab house


no.11 full name of organisation: Kubinbank


no.12 full name of organisation: Avtovazbank (Rostov branch)


no.13 full name of organisation: Rossiya chemical plant of the defence ministry (Kamensk-Shaktinsky town)


no.14 full name of organisation: Rafo-2


no.15 full name of organisation: …


no.16 full name of organisation: control department of the chief regional prosecutor's office


no.17 full name of organisation: central market of Bataysk


no.18 full name of organisation: Kontakt insurance company


no.19 full name of organisation: transport directorate of the MVD for North-Caucuses District


no.20 full name of organisation: Aleks company


no.21 full name of organisation: Alisa-Rostov company


no.22 full name of organisation: Inkomservis company


no.23 full name of organisation: Rada company


no.24 full name of organisation: Sovet company (Rostov-na-Donu)


no.25 full name of organisation: Emiliya company


Status: thief-in-law


Individual number: 32369


BASE_NUM: 4


Number in the system: 126480


Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich


Date of birth: 1937


Data Bank: Organised Crime


DATA: 3262


Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime


Additional information: the list of corporations and individuals mentioned in the files


no.1 full name of organisation: A+A Closed JSC


no.2 full name of organisation: Paik company


 


Criminal police of the Stavropol Region has got evidence that Aslan Usoyan organised assembly of mobsters, where leaders of the underworld decided to spend criminal treasury on buying the majority holding in a large power station.


Grandpa Khasan's influence spread beyond Russian south. He made the Krasnodarsk Region his headquarters, but travelled across the country, finding necessary connections. In the police reports he was mentioned as a «visiting mobster». His visits were successful, because he had already new the majority of mobsters from the time he had been in jail in the USSR. They all did very well in new Russia.


For instance, Evgeny Vasin became criminal leader of the Far East. Grandpa Khasan made visits to Jam who played accordion to the old friend. Another Usoyan's friend - thief-in-law Vladimir Tyurin (Tyurik) - lived in the Tyumen Region. Thief-in-law Oleg Konovalov (Bandit) was a leader of a criminal group in the Vologda Region. In Vladivostok Usoyan was linked to mobster Yury Batyshkin (leader of the criminal group called Obshak), in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - with Korean mobster Li Su Nam. In Barnaul Usoyan crowned his protégé Nurakhman Mamyrov (Mutay), in the Moscow Region - Viacheslav Chuvarzin (Slava the Green) etc. He organised criminal assemblies and enlarged the area which his clan controlled. Frequent «coronations» brought new members into the clan.


His activities in the region, however large they were, could not compare with money which were in Moscow. Zakhariy Kalashov (alias: Shakro), Kurdish mobster and old friend of Grandpa Khasan, settled down in the capital. With the help of the security ministers (including the FSB) this mobster built a business empire of casinos in Moscow in the early 90s. Casino Crystal, opposite to Taganskaya metro station, was Shakro's headquarters. He controlled various markets and was linked to oil-and-gas companies, such as Lukoil.  


As far back as in 1992-1993 Usoyan took an interest in Kalashov's empire. Soon he became Shakro's partner and participated in his operations. Mobsters became so strong, that they interfered in foreign policy of Russia. Usoyan and Kalashov provided Abkhaziya with financial help and weaponry for this country's war against Georgia. They backed the Kurdistan Workers' Party which led Kurdish rebel movement against government forces in Turky. It is obvious that such international «projects» of Russian mobsters could not have taken place without the FSB's sanction and control.


In the mid 1990s a group of Russian journalists was sent to interview leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party Abdullah Ocalan. We asked our colleagues to raise the issue of support which the KWP received from Usoyan and Kalashov at the interview. Having heard their names, Ocalan agreed to talk about it in private. And than he gave high praise to both mobsters.   


 


St Petersburg mobsters did not surrender to Grandpa


 


In 1993 Aslan Usoyan decided to conquer St Petersburg. The city belonged to what mobsters called red belt. Red belt was a name given in the 90s to regions of Russia where people traditionally voted for the communist party. But mobsters used this word differently: they spoke about regions where old Soviet thieves-in-law had no influence. For instance, the thieves-in-law dare not come to the Kaliningrad Region. Or they could not travel to Sakhalin without permission from local criminal bosses (they considered this procedure humiliating). The same situation was in St Petersburg. The city's new generation of mobsters frowned upon old Soviet criminal bosses.


According to the police operational information, Aslan Usoyan was invited to St Petersburg by Grigory Kazarov (Grisha the Dumpling) and Konstantin Yakovlev (Kostya the Grave). Yakovlev met Grandpa Khasan long before. It was Yakovlev who helped Caucasian mobsters deal in antiquities. Usoyan made Kostya the Grave person in charge of arbitrating between rival clans. He used Yakovlev to strengthen his positions in the city. As a result, mobsters from all corners of Russia went to St Petersburg to meet Grandpa Khasan. And Granda Khasan sent his envoys to the regions with different tasks.


Russian police officers watched closely Usoyan's activity and registered every step he made. Here are the extracts from police reports. 


 


Individual number: 37029


BASE_NUM: 4


Number in the system: 127054


Full name (Surname/First Name/Patronymic Name): Usoyan Aslan Rashidovich


Date of birth (d/m/y): 27/02/1937


Data Bank: Organised Crime


DATA: 2509


Alias: Khasan, Grandpa Khasan


Nationality: Armenian


Place of birth: Tbilisi, Georgia


 


Address:


no.1 registered at: flat 406, building 7 Dunaysky Prospect, Frunze District, St Petersburg, Russia


no.2 place of residence: flat 406, building 7 Dunaysky Prospect, Frunze District, St Petersburg, Russia


no.3 place of residence: flat 47, building 10/9, Zagorodnoye Highway, Moscow, Russia, 1233485


no.4 place of residence: Moscow


Information about criminal activities: Organised Crime


Additional information: thief-in-law and guest criminal, tall (1m75cm), sturdy built, nose of regular size, protruded chin, dark brown eyes, dark hair, convicted


Information dated (d/m/y): 10/02/2007


Summary: form 1 ABD, no.059-97, report f.7 no.03623 from the 3rd unit CID, Poltava


Text:


Following persons are connections of Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan in St Petersburg:


1.Igor Anatolyevich Khrustalev, 1960


2. Alaverdashvili Otari Isakovich, 23.02.1942, 10-2-89 Kupchinskaya Street


3. Gocha Dzhurberovich Birkadze, 22.10.1961, Kutaisi-born


4. Bagrat Georgievich Uglava, 29.09.1954, Kutaisi-born


5. Roland Varlamovich Chikvadze, 25.07.1955, Kitaisi-born


6. Shedeli Ilyich Zarandiya, 1957, born in Merkheuli village, Abkhaziya


7. Yury Anatolievich Metelkin, 1955, born in Lomonosov, Leningrad Region 


OPERATIONAL INFO N445S, SOURCE: the UVD for Engels (the Saratov Region)


The UVD for Engels (Saratov R) has received operational information, that on 05feb95 the organised crime group, led by Nikolai Aleksandrovich Malinov (resident of St Petersburg), arrives in the city. Malinov is a close friend of mobster and «thief-in-law» Usoyan (Grandpa Khasan). Malinov's task is to put police officers of the city under physical pressure by the acts of terror [against them]. Upon the arrival to the Saratov Region Malinov will meet thief-in-law Dato from Tashkent, living in Engels, who will take part in and assist the operation.   


OPERATIONAL INFO N486S, RECEIVED: 14.05.1996, SOURCE: report of the CID for North-Caucasus


The CID for North Caucasus informs about criminal connections in the North-West economic region. On 17jan1996 the CID received the following message from an agent: thief-in-law known as Grandpa Khasan frequently visits casino called Star Dust, which is situated in the building of the planetarium near Gorkovskaya metro station. 


OPERATIONAL INFO N454SB, RECEIVED 08apr1996, SOURCE: (official) Department for Organised Crime Control of Vologda


Thief-in-law known as Grandpa Khasan (probably Aslan Rashidovich Usoyan, 1973) lives in St Petersburg. Certain criminal leaders from Vologda, including Oleg Borisovich Konovalov, 1955, convicted for a number of times, are planning to meet him and discuss current affairs in the city. According to the operational information, Granpa Khasan and Konovalov met while serving the sentence in prison. Their visit to St Petersburg is aimed at substituting current arbitrator of criminal conflicts Andrey Gennadievich Zakharov with another person. They also will negotiate possible measures against thief-in-law Aleksey Alekseevich Aleksandrov (a.k.a. Chuvash), who resides in Cherepovets. 


OPERATIONAL INFO N857S, RECEIVED 24jun1996, SOURCE: CID for the Moscow Region


During the investigation of offences committed by thief-in-law Khusein Akhmadov (Khusein the Blind), it was established that Tamara Ivanovna Yeroshkevich (born 22jan1963 in the Irkutsk R., registered at: 50, building 27A, Novy Svet Street, Gatchina, the Leningrad R.) lived in St Petersburg and was a concubine of Khusein Akhmad's brother Khasan. Thief-in-law known as Vasya from St Pete visited Khusein Akhamdov in Balashikha (Moscow R.), where the latter lived. Vasya attended the funeral of thief-in-law Aleksandr Alyatin (Ustimovsky) in summer 1995. Khusein sent to St Petersburg Vladimir Valentinovich Morskikh (born 1954), a.k.a. Prickly, in august 1995. It was also established, that in May 1996 thief-in-law Vyacheslav Chuvarzin (Slava the Green) met Aslan Usoyan (Grandpa Khasan) in St Petersburg.


 


Despite all his attempts, Usoyan failed to consolidate his grip on St Petersburg. Neither local mobsters (the Tambov organised crime group), nor high-profile officers from the police and security agencies (affiliated with mobsters) wanted to see Grandpa in the former tsar capital. He annoyed the MVD, because he cooperated with counter-espionage officers and did not cooperate with the police. As a result, on 31 May 1996 the police arrested him in the car of deputy chairman of legislative council of St Petersburg Viktor Novoselov. Novoselov was affiliated with mafia, as well as his advisor convicted George Avdyshev, who turned out to be in the same car.


The police officers confiscated TT-pistol. In fact Grandpa Khasan never carried this gun - it was put on him by the police. After the arrest he was moved to an isolation ward, where he was given explanations about who rules the city. To teach him a lesson, the police penalized him under administrative law (destruction of the passport) and opened criminal investigation into illegal weapons. Simultaneously the Moscow police searched his flat as part of the investigation of a criminal case, opened in Stavropol. Grandpa Khasan and thief-in-law Rudolf Oganov (Rudik from Baku) were suspected of organising criminal group and a series of contract murders.


 


ACCORDING TO THE OPERATIONAL INFORMATION A.R. USOYAN AND RUDOLF SERGEEVICH OGANOV (BORN IN 1942 IN BAKU, AZERBAIJAN, THIEV-IN-LAW, ALIAS: RUDIK) WERE MEMBERS OF KARAKOZYAN-NOVOSARDYAN ORGANISED CRIME GROUP THAT COMMITTED CRIMES IN THE REGION OF THE CAUCASUS MINERALNIYE VODY. THE PROSECUTOR OF THE STAVROPOL REGION INITIATED CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS NO.30010 INTO THE CRIME UNDER ARTICLE 210.1. THE DETAILS CAN BE OBTAINED IN THE CID FOR THE MINERALNIYE VODY OF THE MVD OF RUSSIA. 


 


During search in Usoyan's flat in Moscow, the police seized golden bullion (2 kilos) and $380,000. It took Usoyan a lot of effort and money to hush up criminal case in St Petersburg and escape prison term. It was much easier to dismiss case in the Stavropol Region, of which he was almost an owner.  


Soon after release, Grandpa Khasan fell out with Grigory Kazarov. Kazarov suspected Usoyan's people (including his son Nodar) of stealing good, he had stolen from the businessmen. In 1997 Kazarov spoke out, a year later he was killed by a bullet.


The same year the police put Grandpa Khasan under scrutiny as part of the investigation into murder of deputy governor of St Petersburg Mikhail Manevich. Khasan took part in privatization of a number of enterprises in St Petersburg. Manevich was responsible for privatization process. By the same time Usoyan began violent war against Rudolf Oganov. The war took a lot of lives. It resulted in Usoyan's withdrawal from St Petersburg. He decided to stand his ground in the south and continued cooperating with Kostya the Grave, his only representative in St Petersburg. 


However, their union was not very strong. One moment Konstantin Yakovlev decided that he became mature enough to be on his own. Number of disputes between Kostya the Grave and Grandpa Khasan grew day by day and finally they had a strormy quarrel. Granpa Khasan sent to St Petersburg theif-in-law Vladimir Tyurin whose task was to protect Usoyan's interests. Tyurik and Kostya met at the airport. The quarrel started. Yakovlev asked Tyurin to convey a wish to Usoyan - no more envoys from him in St Petersburg, local mobsters were able to settle disputes on their own. Tyurik passed this word to Khasan. Very soon Kostya the Grave was shot in Moscow. 


 


Godfathers drowned Russia in blood


 


Grandpa Khasan began his first large scale criminal war in 1993-1994 against thief-in-law Ilya Simoniya (alias: Makho). The conflict began in the late 1980s when Simoniya served his sentence in the labour colony of Tulun (the Irkutsk region). Simoniya had conflict with Vyacheslav Ivankov. Makho did not want to recognise Little Japanese as thief-in-law and set inmates against him. Ivankov did nor recognise Makho, because he was a member of komsomol (young communists) and, as Ivankov claimed, bought his thief-in-law title.


When both were released, the war continued. Makho settled in the Irkutsk region and became its criminal leader. Little Japanese began to crown his mobsters in Irkutsk, so that they could oppose Simoniya. Simoniya killed them one by one. Ivankov and his old friend Aslan Usoyan responded by targeting Makho with the campaign of discrediting. 


Simoniya's positions grew week. He tried to meet Grandpa Khasan in St Petersburg, but Usoyan asked Simoniya to come to Moscow. Usoyan, Shakro and Tyurik gathered a group of «respectable» criminal leaders in Mizuri restaurant. The mobsters were almost unanimous that Makho sould be «decrowned» and deprived of thief-in-law title due to violation of the code of conduct and «unjustified» murders of mobsters (the only mobster against this decision was Vakhtang Ekhvaya). Simoniya did not want to  obey - he pounced on Grandpa Khasan and than left the restaurant.


Makho was not going to surrender easily. He began to consolidate friendly mobsters, trying to mobilize forces. And he succeeded. For a long time many criminal dons, including Tariel Oniani (Taro), refused to accept his «decoronation». In 1994 Taro and Makho met Grandpa Khasan in a hotel. They tried to have it out with him, but Usoyan said he would not speak with Makho, because he was no longer a thief-in-law. And again Simoniya pounced on Grandpa Khasan. 


Soon a hunt for mobsters close to Makho began in Irkutsk: thief-in-law Paata Gudashauri (alias: Beast from Tbilisi) was killed. On 28 August 1994 a Zhiguli car with Makho and Ekhaya was short on its way to Sochi. Mobsters were wounded, their driver - killed. Simoniya went underground and did not appear in public.


 In 1996 Makho tried to get back to Irkutsk, therefore he sent two «messangers» to the city - thieves-in-law David Khmiadashvili and Bakuri Kalandadze. Both were killed immediately. But Grandpa Khasan did not want to eliminate Makho, he preferred to crush his reputation. He pressed other thieves-in-law to recognise Makho's decoronation. Simoniya was ousted from cushy positions. Fellow mobsters turned away from him. In the criminal hierarchy Simoniya plunged to the lowest level. He was permitted only to attack truck drivers in Irkutsk. When he moved to Moscow he could only join the mob of bag snatchers. But even in that mob he was at the very bottom - he became a driver who had to rush away with a snatcher. In 2010 he was arrested as an ordinary bag snatcher.


This conflict was a minor adventure compared to the war Usoyan waged against Rudolf Oganov (Rudik from Baku). By the mid 90s both criminal leaders had the same weight among criminals and got on well in the southern Russia. Usoyan controlled all of the Krasnodar Region and a part of the Caucasus Mineralniye Vody. Rudik controlled almost all of the Mineralniye Vody region and had certain interests in the Krasnodar Region. Their territory was demarcated and their interests did not overlap. Sometimes they cooperated. But very soon Khasan's numeroust proteges began to oust Rudik's people.


Oganov grew angry when Usoyan's people seized the resorts of the Mineralniye Vody region. Rudik could not openly challenge Usoyan - public quarrel over business matters did not match the code of conduct. Than, in 1996 Rudik began discrediation campaign against Grandpa Khasan. Many theives-in-law were dissatisfied with Khasan's activities and with many new people he had crowned. Grandpa Khasan stuck in the gizzard of too many.


Oganov found support among mobsters. Usoyan's attempts to settle the conflict down peacefully had little success. In November 1997 Rudik gathered in Moscow large group of mobsters. Grandpa Khasan was also invited. Nikolay Zykov (Yakutenok), Stepan Furman (Stepa from Murmansk) were present at the assembly. Oganov had a long list of pretentions to Usoyan: luxury way of life typical for nouveau riche and forbidden by the code of conduct, building business empire (forbidden), numerous unjustified coronations of new thieves-in-law (since that time, these mobsters were called Khasan's shtampovka literaly meaning «coining», coining new mobsters) and seisure of $850,000 of treasury, the Armenian mobsters gathered to support convicted gangsters. Grandpa Khasan answered that he adhered to the code of conduct and that money he earned were aimed at supporting inmates and young thieves-in-law.


The assembly consisted mainly of the mobsters who backed Rudik. They decided to «decoronate» Usoyan. Grandpa Khasan said that their decision was illegitimate, because they were not influencial enough to strip him of the title.


In order to finish with Usoyan, in 1998 Rudik's people killed his close assosiate in Pyatigorsk thief-in-law Edvard Amilyan (Edik-Moscow). Usoyan turned his funeral into the assembly of his supporters. Criminal bosses crowned young and promising mobster Aleksandr Khashirov (Khashir). He took the place of Usoyan and began to push Rudik's people out of the Stavropol Region and Mineralniye Vody with redoubled energy. Usoyan went to Kazakhstan where he had connections both in criminal world and in the government. He gave orders from there.


At the beginning he invited participants of the assembly which «decoronated» him to Kazakhstan for talks. The police found out what was the subject of such talks. For instance, in April 1998 Yakutenok flew to Kazakhstan. Grandpa Khasan put the question point-blank: either he stated the reasons why he supported "decoronation" within 20 minutes, or he had only himself to blame. 5 minutes were enough for Yakutenok to fall down and pretend to have fainted. Khasan's people brought Zykov outdoors. Soon he returned to his native Perm. But he was doomed: on 19 June three killers shot Yakutenok and his two bodyguards with machine gun in the night club called Bolid.


Besides explanatory talks, Usoyan tried to gather assemblies. But it was difficult task for the kingpin: according to the criminal laws, «decoronated» mobster had no right to gather assemblies. That is why the majority of mobsters ignored Usoyan's invitations. And only those who were not afraid to show support to him came - Zakhariy Kalashov and Evgeny Vasin in particular. When finally he managed to gather assembly with the large number of participants, his opponents used old Usoyan's method - they stirred up the police against the meeting.


In January 1998 about a hundred of mobsters gathered in a restaurant in the city of Shakhty in the Rostov Region. Hardly they began to talk, the police rushed in and arrested everyone. Grandpa Khasan tried to organise another assembly - but the result was the same. When in 1998 the mobsters decided to meet in Tashkent, local police and criminal groups prompted them not to create problems. Rudik decided not to wait until Grandpa Khasan regained  influence - he decided to deliver a blow first. 


On 8 June Grandpa Khasan and a number of fellow gangsters gathered in the bar called Ruby in Caucasus hotel in Sochi. Suddenly two hit man opened machine gone fire at them through the showcase of the bar. Thief-in-law Tristan Chachanadze (Tristan) and brothers Unoyev were killed. Usoyan was saved by a miracle - a minute before the attack he went out to the toilet.


There were murders in all corners of Russia after the assassination. Almost every week people were killed, either from Usoyan's clan or from Oganov's clan. It was clear there would be no peace between rivals anymore - and the war would end with the death of Grandpa Khasan or Rudik.


All mobsters of the former Soviet Union were involved in the war. Most godfathers tried to maintain neutrality, because everyone understood that further bloodshed could only ruin the whole business. As a result neutral mobsters decided to arbitrate the conflict and invited rivals for talks. Their meeting was planned for 5 September 1998 and should take place in Ukraine. 


Usoyan did not like the idea. He was not going to make one's peace with Oganov. He made arrangements and 300 gangsters from the USSR and USA who gathered in Odessa were arrested by the police.


Grandpa Khasan managed to win many influential mobsters to his side. And than he led the assault. On 20 October three Mercedes were shot near Vlasovo Village, not far away from Naro-Fominsk in the Moscow Region. The hit men first launched grenades and than opened fire from the machine guns. The only car which left the scene intact was Rudolf Oganov's armoured Mercedes. He went to his cottage situated in Vlasovo.


Retaliation came soon. Hit men could not reach Grandpa Khasan, but his protégé fell easy pray. On 26 October Khashirov and a dozen of mobsters from Usoyan's clan met in a restaurant called Bristol in Essentuki. Their feasting was interrupted by two masked man, who opend the fire at the customers. Khashirov, thief-in-law Dmitry Movchan and mobster Abdurakhman Nugayev were killed.


The same night the participant of the assembly Zhulien Apakiya (Jullienne) told about what had happened to his father - influential Moscow's mobster Boris Apakiya (Husky). The latter consulted with his close friend Usoyan, and flew to Yessentuki. As soon as 29 October Husky gathered the majority of Usoyan's supporters in the village called Vin-Sady. The mobsters decided to eliminate the whole clan of Oganov.


For a long time Rudik sit snug in Pyatigorsk, where he had a crew of a dozen of bodyguards who secured him day and night in a cottage. But what happpened next was unexpected. In February 199 a person from Moscow called Rudik by telephone and asked him to come. Rudik did not take securities with him. Only Yury Fedoseev met him in Moscow. On their way to the city from the airport, they came round to a café in 51st kilometre of the Moscow Ring Road.


The events which happened in the café reminded of the film Pulp Fiction. Two people in long overcoats went in the café, the gun tubes facing the ground. They asked: Who is Rudik? Oganov realised it was a very last moment in his life. He stood up and said: I am Rudik. A burst of machine fire killed him. Fedoseev was wounded.


In the following years Grandpa Khasan's people one by one killed mobsters from Oganov's clan and the businessmen affiliated with him. Rudik's brother - thief-in-law Vladimir Oganov (Vachikos the Six-Fingered - he indeed had six fingers on a hand) - was killed. The decision of the assembly in Vin-Sadi was fulfilled. The majority of mobsters tried not to pay attention to the Khasan's violence - success is never blamed.


Having eliminated Rudik and his clan, Grandpa Khasan cleared his way to the throne of the boss of all bosses. But it took time to become chief criminal boss of Russia.


 


to be continued

Thomas Petrov, Alexey Gordon, Rumafia.com